It wasn’t a straight path to medical school for Kate Womersley. After finishing an English degree at Cambridge University, she studied at Harvard for a Master’s in History of Science. She is now back in the UK on the Cambridge Graduate Course in Medicine.
Lisa Haushofer is a medical doctor turned medical historian. When she is not up late writing posts for this blog, she indulges in such delightful topics as the history of medicine and food for her PhD at Harvard’s History of Science Department. She also suffers from an incurable addiction to Salsa and Tango.
Caterina Albano is a Reader in Visual Culture and Science at Central Saint Martins, University of the Arts London. Albano curates, lectures and publishes in the fields of art, cultural history and cultural theory, in particular emotion and affect, memory and consciousness; and on the theory of curating. She is the author of Fear and Art in the Contemporary World (Reaktion Books, 2012) and is currently working on a project on affect, memory and art (Palgrave MacMillan).
Eli Anders is a PhD student in the Department of the History of Medicine at Johns Hopkins University. His dissertation explores the history of convalescent homes and practices in nineteenth and early twentieth-century England.
Jacqueline D. Antonovich is a Ph.D. candidate in History at the University of Michigan. Her dissertation, “Doctoring the Land: Women Physicians, the Politics of Health, and the Geography of Medicine in the American West, 1875-1930,” examines the westward migration of women physicians and their participation in formal politics, institution building, and public health activism in the region throughout the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century. She is also the creator, co-founder and executive editor of Nursing Clio, a collaborative blog project that focuses on the history of gender, health, and medicine.
Melinda Baldwin is a lecturer in the Department of the History of Science at Harvard University. Her forthcoming book, Making Nature: The History of a Scientific Journal, will be published by the University of Chicago Press in June. Visit her on the web at www.melinda-baldwin.com, or follow her on Twitter @Melinda_Baldwin.
After graduating from Harvard in 2013, Julie Barzilay continued her study of the history of science as a Masters student at the University of Cambridge. She was the Science Editor of The Harvard Crimson, and has recently enjoyed telling stories about the history of climate change, children’s science literature and alternative medicine at the turn of the century. She loves communicating about science, and is now working as a science/health journalist while she applies to medical school.
Emily Baum is an assistant professor of modern Chinese history at UC Irvine. She researches the history of madness in early twentieth-century China.
Leo van Bergen is a Dutch medical historian researching the topics of war and tropical medicine. His book Before my Helpless Sight: Suffering, Dying and Military Medicine on the Western Front (Ashgate) was published in 2009 and he is currently writing about leprosy in the Dutch East Indies.
Josh Berson is an anthropologist and design researcher. His work asks how our ways of using and caring for our bodies coalesce into registers and how we construct our environment to support particular registers of bodily life. He leads the project Cartographies of Rest at Hubbub Group, London and the design research studio Assemblage and is visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences.
Rachel E. Black holds a PhD in Anthropology from the Universita degli Studi di Torino in Italy, and is author of Porta Palazzo: The Anthropology of an Italian Market (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012). She is currently completing a year as a fellow at the Collegium de Lyon in France, where she is doing ethnographic research on women who cook professionally.
Rob Boddice is Assistant Professor at the Friedrich-Meinecke-Institut, department of History and Cultural Studies, Freie Universität Berlin and a Research Fellow at the Center for History of Emotions, Max Planck Institute for Human Development. He is the editor of Pain and Emotion in Modern History, published in July 2014 by Palgrave Macmillan.
Kristin Brig is a PhD student in the history of medicine at Johns Hopkins University, and received her BA and MA in history from the College of Charleston. She currently examines how nineteenth-century indigenous and laborer communities in imperial Africa used and transformed British public health tools and efforts to fit local needs.
Barbara Brookes is Professor of History at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. She is the co-editor of the forthcoming volume, Bodily Subjects: Essays on Gender and Health 1800-2000 (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, December 2014).
Michael Brown is Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Roehampton, London. His book, Performing Medicine: Medical Culture and Identity in Provincial England, c.1760-1850, is now out in paperback and his most recent article on The Lancet and radical medical reform in the journal Social History is available for free via Open Access.
David Brydan is a postdoctoral researcher at Birkbeck, University of London. He is a member of the Reluctant Internationalists research project, which investigates the history of public health and international organizations, movements and experts in twentieth-century Europe. More information on fascist international health can be found in his recent open-access article in Contemporary European History. Follow him on twitter @davidbrydan.
Caroline Campbell is an associate professor of history at the University of North Dakota. The author of Political Belief in France, 1927-1945: Gender, Empire, and Fascism in the Croix de Feu and Parti Social Français (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2015), she has published articles, book chapters in edited collections, and blog postings. Her current book project explores the ways in which colonial methods of warfare (ethnography, violence, and spatial reorientation) circulated throughout the French imperial nation-state from 1890-1945 and transformed political situations in metropolitan France during the 1930s and World War II.
Paul Coldwell is Professor of Fine Art at the University of the Arts London. He has exhibited widely in public collections, including Tate, V&A, British Museum, the Arts Council of England and Musée d’art et d’histoire, Geneva. He writes regularly for Art in Print, Print Quarterly & Printmaking Today, and his book Printmaking: A Contemporary Perspective was published by Black Dog Publishing in 2010.
Christopher Crenner writes about the history of medicine and medical practice in his role as the Hudson-Major Professor and Chair of the History of Medicine at the University of Kansas School of Medicine‘. He is the author of ‘Private Practice: In the Early Twentieth-Century Medical Office of Dr. Richard Cabot’ (John’s Hopkins University Press, 2005). His chapter “Placebos and the Progress of Surgery” (in Thomas Schlich and Christopher Crenner, eds., ‘Surgical Alternatives: the Uses and Transformations of Surgical Technology) is currently under review at Rochester University Press.
Scott Curtis (email@example.com) is associate professor of Radio/Television/Film at Northwestern University, director of the Program in Communication at Northwestern University in Qatar, and past president of Domitor, the international society for the study of early cinema. The author of The Shape of Spectatorship: Art, Science, and Early Cinema in Germany (Columbia UP, 2015), Curtis has published extensively on scientific and medical uses of motion picture technology.
David Durnin currently lectures in the School of History, University College Dublin and is the co-editor of the recently-published volume Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict, 1914-45 (Manchester University Press, 2016).
After her PhD studies at the Centre for the History of Medicine and Disease at Durham University and a Teaching Fellowship for History of Medicine courses at UCL, Stephanie Eichberg is currently a research associate for a project at the Centre for Literary and Cultural Studies in Berlin, which explores the neurosciences between natural science and cultural studies. Her research focuses on the mind-body problem, the human-animal boundary in neuroscience and the phenomenon of pain.
Lukas Engelmann is a historian of medicine. His PhD on the visual medical history of AIDS is the foundation for the forthcoming book AIDS Unseen and a recently published article on “Photographing AIDS”. Since May 2014, he is a post-doctoral research associate at CRASSH, working on the visual representations of plague in North and South America. Profile: http://www.crassh.cam.ac.uk/people/profile/LukasEngelmann
Katherine Foxhall is a History Lecturer at the University of Leicester. She has published widely on the history of health and medicine, and her most recent article, ‘Making Modern Migraine Medieval: Men of Science, Hildegard of Bingen and the Life of a Retrospective Diagnosis’, is in Medical History (July 2014). She is currently working on a book-length history of migraine, funded by the Wellcome Trust, which examines how people have understood, talked about and managed this disorder from the fifteenth century.
Sally Frampton is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford where she is working on Constructing Scientific Communities: Citizen Science in the 19th and 21st Centuries. Her current research focuses on public participation in the medical sphere during the nineteenth century with a particular interest in how periodicals facilitated this participation. She is also working on a monograph about ovariotomy and surgical innovation in the nineteenth century. You can find her on Twitter at @salsyframpton.
Delia Gavrus is an assistant professor of the history of science at the University of Winnipeg in Canada. She is interested in and has published on the history of neurosurgery, the history of the mind and brain sciences, and the history of anesthesia.
Stefanie Gänger is assistant professor for Iberian and Latin American History at the University of Cologne in Germany. Her research focuses on the history of malaria therapy and medical botany in the eighteenth century; she is currently completing a book manuscript tentatively entitled “A Divine Remedy”: Cinchona, Malaria Therapy and World History, 1751-1815.
Andrew Gardiner is a veterinary surgeon with a PhD in medical history. He teaches at The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, and pursues inter-disciplinary research on the human-animal bond. His latest article, for Social History of Medicine, is ‘The dangerous women of animal welfare: how British veterinary medicine went to the dogs’, available open access at http://dx.doi.org/10.1093%2Fshm%2Fhkt101
Sam Goodman is Lecturer in Linguistics (English & Communication) at Bournemouth University. His current research project explores the intersection between medicine and Anglo-Indian fiction of the post-Second World War period, and he is a member of Durham University’s New Generations in Medical Humanities programme. He is also the co-editor of Medicine, Health & the Arts: Approaches to the Medical Humanities (Routledge 2013).
Penelope Gouk is a senior lecturer at Manchester University’s Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine. She is currently writing a book on Music, Melancholy and Medicine from Renaissance to Enlightenment.
Monica H. Green (firstname.lastname@example.org; @MonicaMedHist) is currently a visiting Fellow at the American Academy in Berlin, where she is working on a book tentatively entitled The Global History of Health.
Daniel Gross graduated from Harvard College in 2013. He’s studied nonfiction narratives and global health, and hopes that health can become better friends with innovative storytelling. Sometimes, he makes radio. Other times, he writes creative nonfiction about aging Antarctic explorers, LGBT Mormons and American survivalists.
Michael Guida is a PhD researcher in Media and Cultural Studies at the University of Sussex, UK, where he is exploring how the sounds, rhythms and quietude of nature have been used to afford psychological welfare in Britain, especially in relation to war, during 1914-1945 period. Learn more about Michael here.
Marjory Harper is Professor of History at the University of Aberdeen, and Visiting Professor at the Centre for History, University of the Highlands and Islands. Her research focuses on Scottish emigration since 1800. She is currently working on two monographs: Testimonies of Transition (an oral history of twentieth-century Scottish emigration); and a study of Scottish-Antipodean networks.
Lisa Hermsen is associate professor of English at the Rochester Institute of Technology. She is the author of Manic Minds: Mania’s Mad History and Its Neuro-Future (Rutgers UP, 2011).
Clare Hickman is currently a Wellcome funded Medical History & Humanities postdoctoral Fellow at Kings College London and author of Therapeutic Landscapes: A History of English Hospital Gardens Since 1800 (Manchester University Press, June 2013). Her article “The Picturesque at Brislington House, Bristol: The Role of Landscape in Relation to the Treatment of Mental Illness in the Early Nineteenth-Century Asylum” won the first Garden History Society Essay Prize in 2005. Learn more about Clare here.
Marc Higgin’s current ESRC-funded PhD research focuses on contemporary art as a way of thinking through theories of making and knowledge and material culture – all which are central to anthropology’s project of trying to understand the possibilities of human ways of being in the world. His previous research focused on human-animal relations; developing the MRC/ESRC-funded inter-disciplinary network ‘Understanding Individual Behaviour through human/animal relations’), research into farm animal production as part of EU-funded Welfare Quality and DIALREL projects, and work on guide dog partnerships in the UK.
Anne Huebel is an Adjunct Professor of History at Saginaw Valley State University where she teaches historical methods and European and World history. Her research interests include Victorian gender roles and the history of modern medicine.
Lesley Hulonce is a historian of nineteenth and twentieth-century Britain and specializes in researching children, women, prostitution and disability via state and voluntary action. She is a lecturer at Swansea University, blogs at Workhouse Tales and tweets at @LesleyHulonce.
Andrew Inkpen wears two hats. As a historian, he is researching a book with the working title ‘Denaturing Nature’ about the many ways that the artificial-natural distinction has been drawn and contested by modern biologists. As a philosopher, he works on the epistemology of experiments, most recently he has written about the conditions under which less manipulative experiments, like natural experiments, can be epistemically advantageous. He is currently a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of History of Science at Harvard University.
Åsa Jansson is a member of the Centre for the History of the Emotions at Queen Mary, University of London, where earlier this year she defended her PhD thesis entitled, ‘The Creation of “Disordered Emotion”: Melancholia as Biomedical Disease, c. 1840-1900’.
Kristen Keerma Friedman is a historian of medicine at Harvard University who spends her Ph.D. time seeing dead people – well actually, she spends her time writing about people in history who spent their time seeing apparently-dead people. Kristen’s true calling is to be a crime fighter, and she also enjoys photography, traveling to beaches, vigorous outdoor exercise and producing small bits of entertainment here and there.
Cara Kiernan Fallon enjoys reading and writing about women’s health and the history of disease as a History of Science doctoral student. She is captivated by topics ranging from history of the body in medieval Europe to the new twists and turns of heart disease in women. While trying to stay warm in Cambridge, MA, she can be found dancing, running, or participating in any kind of sport.
Franziska Kohlt is a DPhil Candidate at Brasenose College at the University of Oxford, and a graduate tutor in English literature at St Anne’s College. She is working on a thesis exploring visions experienced in alternative states of consciousness in nineteenth century science and their portrayal in fantastic literature, specifically in the works of Lewis Carroll, George MacDonald, Charles Kingsley and H.G. Wells.
Gwenda Kyd has a PhD in chemistry and is a freelance science writer, editor and speaker. She is interested in plant-based healing, particularly in how traditional medicines can be developed for use today. She co-devised the Chemicals from Plants Trail at Cambridge University Botanic Garden and is the author of Molecules, Medicines and Mischief: A Year on the Chemical Trail around Cambridge University Botanic Garden, published in 2014 by Vervain Publishing.
Tristan Landry is a Canadian historian specializing in the cultural history of food in Central and Eastern Europe. He is a professor at Sherbrooke University. His forthcoming book examines Nazi gastropolitics.
Travis Lau is a doctoral candidate at the University of Pennsylvania Department of English. His research interests include eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British literature, the history and theory of the novel, the history of medicine, disability studies, body studies, and gender and sexuality studies. His dissertation, tentatively titled “Prophylactic Fictions: Immunity and Biopolitics,” explores the British literary and cultural history of immunity and vaccination beginning in the eighteenth century. His academic writing has been published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Romantic Circles, and English Language Notes (forthcoming). His creative writing has appeared in Atomic, Feminine Inquiry, Wordgathering, Assaracus, Rogue Agent, and QDA: A Queer Disability Anthology (Handtype Press, 2015). Visit his website here.
Nina Mackert is Assistant Professor of North American History at Erfurt University and part of the joint research project “Nutrition, Health, and Modern Society: Germany and the US.” In 2012, she received her PhD at Erfurt University with a book on the post-World War II delinquency scare in the USA (published with UVK in 2014). Her research focuses on US cultural history, especially the history of food, fat, bodies, dis/ability and youth. Currently, she is working on a book about the career of the calorie in late 19th and early 20th century US. Her most recent publications include a paper on the US Fat Men’s Clubs and ambivalences of fat discourse around 1900 (in Body Politics 3/2014) as well as “Making Food Matter: ‘Scientific Eating’ and the Struggle for Healthy Selves,“ Food, Power, and Agency, ed. by Jürgen Martschukat and Bryant Simon, 105-128, New York: Bloomsbury, 2017. Together with Jürgen Martschukat, she is the editor of “Fat Agency,” a theme issue of Body Politics (5/2016). With Stefanie Büttner and Jürgen Martschukat, she is editing the blog foodfatnessfitness.com.
Eleanor MacKillop is a Research Associate at the Institute of Psychology, Health and Society at the University of Liverpool (UK). Her research interests include public policy-making, knowledge transfer, organizational change and austerity/crisis. She has recently published an article in Critical Policy Studies examining how English local government has been mobilizing to deal with the government’s austerity agenda. You can follow her on Twitter at @esmackillop.
Lisa Malich is an Associate Professor at the University of Lübeck (Germany). She has recently published the book Die Gefühle der Schwangeren (Transcript Verlag, 2017) on the history of emotions during pregnancy in Germany. Her research interests include reproduction, gender, knowledge transfer, and the history of psychology.
Mike Mantin is a Research Fellow at Swansea University for the Wellcome Trust-funded project Disability and Industrial Society: A Comparative Cultural History of British Coalfields, 1780-1948 (www.dis-ind-soc.org.uk). His PhD research was on the Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and deafness in Victorian and Edwardian Wales.
Wythe Marschall is a writer and Ph.D. student in the Department of the History of Science at Harvard University. He thinks most frequently about futurism in the life sciences, biopunk literature and bioart, our changing concepts of “body” and “health,” and all that is weird. You can find him on Twitter at @hollowearths.
Iona McCleery is Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Leeds. Her research focuses on healthcare, medical practice, food, healing miracles, and the social history of Portugal and its early empire. Between 2010 and 2014 she ran You Are What You Ate, funded by the Wellcome Trust, which brought together archaeologists, museum curators, re-enactors and food scientists, using historical food to encourage modern reflection on diet.
Jessica Meyer is a research fellow at the University of Leeds. Her monograph on British soldiers’ masculine identity during the First World War, Men of War: Masculinity and the First World War in Britain, is published by Palgrave Macmillan.
Alexander More is Assistant Research Professor at the Climate Change Institute and a postdoctoral fellow in the History Department at Harvard University, where he also earned his PhD in History and History of Science. His research focuses on the impact of climate change on human health and the economy, environmental history and the history of public health and medicine. He is a member of the Planetary Health Alliance and currently leads an interdisciplinary group of eleven historians and climate scientists in the Initiative for the Science of the Human Past at Harvard. He served without pay in the office of Senator Ted Kennedy as he worked on the first draft of the Affordable Care Act, and is currently the managing editor of Harvard’s digital historical atlas of Eurasia. His book The Public Good: At the Origins of Welfare and Health Care Policy, focuses on the first public health care system in the western world and will soon appear in press. His research has been covered by more than forty newspapers and media outlets worldwide, including The Guardian, The Washington Post, Forbes, Der Spiegel, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Popular Science and Smithsonian Magazine.
Marcia D. Nichols is Assistant Professor in the Center for Learning Innovation at the University of Minnesota Rochester where she teaches literature and medical humanities and engages in learning research. Her current book project analyzes the constructions of gender, sexuality and masculine identity in midwifery manuals and other medical texts in the long eighteenth century.
Danielle Ofri’s latest book is What Doctors Feel: How Emotions Affect the Practice of Medicine. She is a physician at Bellevue Hospital and an associate professor of medicine at N.Y.U. School of Medicine. She is also editor-in-chief of the Bellevue Literary Review.
Gill Paul studied Medicine at Glasgow University and now works as an author specializing in health as well as historical fiction and non-fiction. Her non-fiction includes A History of Medicine in 50 Objects (2016). Her novels include The Secret Wife (2016), about the Romanov royal family and No Place for a Lady (2015), about the women who accompanied soldiers to the Crimean War.
Dr. phil. Lisa Peppler is a cultural scientist from Goettingen, Germany. Her recently published dissertation “Medizin und Migration” (Medicine and Migration) is on Turkish German medical migration and positioning processes of (post-)migrant physicians in Germany. She received a scholarship from the postgraduate program History of Generations in Goettingen, Germany. Currently, she is working on medical migration and diversity in healthcare.
Beatriz Pichel is Research Fellow at the Photographic History Research Centre, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK. Her research is at the crossroads of photographic history, history of medicine and the history of emotions. She has had papers recently published in History of the Human Sciences, Fotogeschichte and the Journal of War and Culture Studies. Her new project is a material history of medical photography.
Ellen van Reuler is a graduate student in the Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine at the University of Manchester. Her thesis focuses on the histories of policies and services for cancer and palliative care in England and the Netherlands from WWII to the present.
A.R. Ruis is a researcher in the Wisconsin Center for Education Research and a fellow in the Department of Surgery and the Department of Medical History and Bioethics at the University of Wisconsin−Madison. He is the author of Eating to Learn, Learning to Eat: The Origins of School Lunch in the United States, and he has published widely on the history of nutrition, food, and health.
Christian Ruth is a History PhD student at the University at Albany, SUNY. He received his BA and MA in History at the University of Kentucky. His research focuses on the intersection of US Foreign Policy and Environmental History during the twentieth century to the present, particularly in Africa.
Samantha Sandassie is an early modernist and historian of surgery whose research and teaching interests range widely from the history of medicine and early modern Europe to the history of science and environment. You can find her at www.medhistorian.com and on Twitter @medhistorian.
Michael Sappol is a Senior Fellow at the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Uppsala. He is the author of A Traffic of Dead Bodies (2002) and Dream Anatomy (2006), and co-editor of A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Age of Empire (2010). His new book, Body Modern: Fritz Kahn, Scientific Illustration and the Homuncular Subject, will be published by University of Minnesota Press in February 2017.
Paolo Savoia has written on the history of sexuality, historical epistemology, and the history of medicine. He has been a graduate fellow at ‘Villa I Tatti – Harvard Center for Italian Renaissance Studies,’ and a fellow of the ‘Council on Library and Information Resources.’ He is currently writing a dissertation about the social and cultural history of surgery in early modern Europe in Harvard’s department of the History of Science.
Allen Shotwell is a dean and professor of liberal arts at Ivy Tech Community College. After several years of teaching in the physical sciences, he recently switched gears, completing his PhD in the History and Philosophy of Science in 2013. His research focuses on anatomy, medicine and surgery in the early sixteenth century, and his most recent publication is “Animals, Pictures, and Skeletons: Andreas Vesalius’s Reinvention of the Public Anatomy Lesson”, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences (online first, March 2015). You can follow him on Twitter @AllenShotwell
Matthew Smith is Senior Lecturer, Director of Research History and Deputy Head of the School of Humanities at the University of Strathclyde, where he is a member of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. His books include Hyperactive:The Controversial History of ADHD (2012) and Another Person’s Poison: A History of Food Allergy (2015). His current project, funded by the AHRC, is on the history of social psychiatry.
Alexandra Minna Stern is a Professor of American Culture at the University of Michigan, and holds appointments in the Departments of History, Women’s Studies, and Obstetrics and Gynecology. She directs the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies and co-directs the Reproductive Justice Faculty Program based at the Institute for Research on Women and Gender.
Jaipreet Virdi-Dhesi is a historian of medicine and SSHRC Postdoctoral fellow in the Department of History at Brock University, where she is working on a project on the material culture of disability in the Canadian experience. She is also working on a monograph, tentatively titled ‘Hearing Happiness: Fakes and Fads in Deafness Cures, 1850-1950,’ which examines the history of “quack cures” for deafness. Some of these cures are explored on her blog, From the Hands of Quacks. You can find her on Twitter as @jaivirdi.
Keir Waddington is Professor of History at Cardiff University. He is author of An Introduction to the Social History of Medicine (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), among many other publications. His current project focuses on rural public health in Victorian and Edwardian Wales. His most recent article, ‘“In a country every way by nature favourable to health”: Landscape and Public Health in Victorian Rural Wales’ in the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History is available for free via Open Access.
Darren N. Wagner is Postdoctoral Fellow of the Canada Research Chair of the Social History of Medicine at McGill University. He co-edited the scholarly collection The Secrets of Generation: Reproduction in the Long Eighteenth Century (University of Toronto Press, 2015). He is now writing a book about sex, nerves and sensibility in 18th-century culture and medicine.
Claudia Wassmann has a Ph.D. in History of Science from the University of Chicago and an MD from the Free University of Berlin. She held a Knight Science Journalism Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and conducted post-doctoral research as a Dewitt Stetten, Jr., Memorial Fellow in the History of Biomedical Sciences and Technology at the National Institutes of Health. She is also a science documentary filmmaker who has won numerous awards, and her current research is concerned with the history of the neurosciences, brain imaging, and emotion.
Nick Whitfield is a postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Social Studies of Medicine at McGill University. His research interests are in the history of medicine in Britain and North America during the twentieth century, focusing on topics in surgery and blood transfusion. He is presently completing a four-year project on the history of minimally invasive surgery between 1980 and 2000.
Whitney Wood is a PhD Candidate in the Department of History at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada, and a former visiting research student at Birkbeck, University of London. Her chapter, “‘When I think of what is before me, I feel afraid’: Narratives of Fear, Pain, and Childbirth in Victorian Canada” appears in Pain and Emotion in Modern History, ed. Rob Boddice, published in July 2014 by Palgrave Macmillan.